THE BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGES REGISTRATION ACT, 1886


CHAPTER IPRELIMINARY.


1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the
Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886; and

 

(2) It shall come into force on such day 4* as the Central
Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, directs.

5* * * * *
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1. This Act has been extended to–
Goa, Daman and Diu by Reg. 11 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch.
and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of
1963, s. 2 and Sch. I with modifications (w.e.f. 1-7-1965).
Rep. (as in force in Bellary District) by Mysore Act 20 of 1956.Rep. (as in force in Ajmer area, Abu Road and Sunel area) by
Rajasthan Act 33 of 1958.2. See now the Special Marriage Act, 1954 (43 of 1954).
3. See now the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 (3 of 1936).
4. The 1st October, 1888, see Gazette of India, 1888, Pt. I, p. 336.5. Sub-section (3) rep. by Act 12 of 1891, s. 2 and Sch.

8.2.Extent.

1*[2. Extent.- This Act 2* extends to the whole of India except
3*[the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part B States].].

3. definitions.- In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context,–

“sign” includes mark, when the person making the mark is unable to write his name:

“prescibed” means prescribed by a rule made 4* under this
Act: and

“Registrar of Births and Deaths” means a Registrar of Births and Deaths appointed under this Act..

4 .Saving of local laws.- Nothing in this Act, or in any rule made under this Act, shall affect any law heretofore or hereafter passed providing for the registration of births and deaths within particular local areas..

5. Powers exercisable from time to time.- All powers conferred by this Act may be exercised from time to time as occasion required.

CHAPTER IIGENERAL REGISTRY OFFICES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGES

6. Establishment of general registry offices and appointment of
Registrars General. (1) Each State Government–

 

(a) shall establish a general registry office for keeping such certified copies of registers of births and deaths registered under this Act, or marriages registered under Act 3 of 1872 5* (15 of 1872), (to provide a form of marriage in certain cases) or the Indian
Christian Marriage Act, 1872 (15 of 1872), or, beyond the local limits of the ordinary original civil jurisdi-
ction of the High Court of Judicature at Bombay, under the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1865 6* (15 of 1865), as may be sent to it under this Act, or under any of the three last mentioned Acts, as amended by this Act;
and
———————————————————————
1. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for the former section.
2. It has been declared in force in the Sonthal Pargans by s. 3 of the Sonthal Parganas Settlement Regulation (3 of 1872). It has also been partially extended to Berar by the Berar Laws Act,
1941 (4 of 1941).
3. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No.2) Order, 1956, for “Part B
State”.
4. The words “by the G.G. in C.” rep. by the A. O. 1937.5. See now the Special Marriage Act, 1954 (43 of 1954).
6. See now the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 (3 of 1936).

9.(b) may appoint to the charge of that office an officer, to be called the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and
Marriages, for the territories under its administration:

1* * * * *

7.Indexes to be kept at general registry office.

7. Indexes to be kept at general registry office. Each Registrar
General of Births, Deaths and Marriages shall cause indexes of all the certified copies of registers sent to his office under this Act, or under Act 3 of 1872 2*, the Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 (15.of 1872), or the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1865 3* (5 of 1865), as amended by this Act, to be made and kept in his office in the prescribed form.

8.Indexes to be open to inspection.

8. Indexes to be open to inspection.- Subject to the payment of the prescribed fees, the indexes so made shall be at all reasonable times open to inspection by any person applying to inspect them, and copies of entries in the certified copies of the registers to which the indexes relate shall be given to all persons applying for them.

9.Copies of entries to be admissible in evidence.

9. Copies of entries to be admissible in evidence.- A copy of an entry given under the last foregoing section shall be certified by the
Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, or by an officer authorized in this behalf by the State Government, and shall be admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving the birth, death or marriage to which the entry relates.

10.Superintendence of Registrars by Registrar General.

10. Superintendence of Registrars by Registrar General.- Each
Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages shall exercise a general superintendence over the Registrars of Births and Deaths in the territories for which he is appointed.

CHAPTER IIIREGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS

 

11. Persons whose births and deaths are registrable.- (1) The persons whose births and deaths shall, in the first instance, be registrable under this Chapter are the following, namely:–

(a) in 4*[the territories to which this Act extends] the members of every race, sect or tribe to which the
Indian Succession
———————————————————————
1. Sub-section (2) rep. by the A. O. 1937.2. See now the Special Marriage Act, 1954 (43 of 1954).
3. See now the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 (3 of 1936).
4. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for “a Part
A State or a Part C State”.

10.Act, 1865 1* (10 of 1865.), applies, and in respect of which an order under section 332 of that Act is not for the time being in force, and all persons professing the
Christian religion;

2*

(2) But the State Government, by notification in the Official
Gazette, may 3* extend the operation of this Chapter to any other class of persons either generally or in any local area.

B.–Registration establishment

12.Power for State Government to appoint Registrars for its territories.

12. Power for State Government to appoint Registrars for its territories.- The State Government may appoint, either by name or by virtue of their office, so many persons as it thinks necessary to be
Registrars of Births and Deaths for such local areas within the territories under its administration as it may define and, if it sees fit, for any class of persons within any part of those territories.

13.Power for Central Government to appoint Registrars for Indian States.

13. [Power for Central Government to appoint Registrars for
Indian States] Rep. by the A. O. 1950.

14.Registrar to be deemed a public servant.

14. Registrar to be deemed a public servant.- Every Registrar of
Births and Deaths shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code. (45 of 1860.).

15.[Repealed.]

15. [Power to remove Registrars.] Rep. by the A. O. 1937.16.Office and attendance of Registrar.

16. Office and attendance of Registrar.- (1) Every Registrar of
Births and Deaths shall have an office in the local area, or within the part of the territories or dominions, for which he is appointed.

(2) Every Registrar of Births and Deaths to whom the State
Government may direct this sub-section to apply shall attend at his office for the purpose of registering births and deaths on such days and at such hours as the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and
Marriages may direct, and shall cause to be placed in some conspicuous place on or near the outer door of his office his name, with the addition of Registrar of Births and Deaths for the local area or class for which he is appointed, and the days and hours of his attendance.

17.Absence of Registrar or vacancy in his office.

17. Absence of Registrar or vacancy in his office.- (1) When any
Registrar of Births and Deaths to whom the State Government may direct this section to apply 4*, not being a
———————————————————————
1. See now the Indian Succession Act, 1925 (39 of 1925), s. 3.2. Cl. (b) rep. by the A. O. 1950.
3. The words “with the previous approval of the G. G. in C.,”
omitted by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and Sch. I
4. The section has been declared by the Govt, of Madras to apply to all Registrars appointed by that Govt, under s. 12, see Mad, R.
and O.

11.Registrar of Births and Deaths for a local area in the town of
Calcutta, Madras or Bombay, is absent, or when his office is temporarily vacant, any person whom the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages appoints in this behalf, or, in default of such appointment, the Judge of the District Court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the Registrars office is situate, or such other officer as the State Government appoints in this behalf, shall be the
Registrar of Births and Deaths during such absence or until the State
Government fills the vacancy.

(2) When any such Registrar of Births and Deaths for a local area in the town of Calcutta, Madras or Bombay is absent, or when his office is temporarily vacant, any person whom the Registrar General of
Births, Deaths and Marriages appoints in this behalf shall be the
Registrar of Births and Deaths during such absence or until the State
Government fills the vacancy.

(3) The Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages shall report to the State Government all appointments made by him under this section.

18.Register books to be supplied and preservation of records to beprovided for.

18. Register books to be supplied and preservation of records to be provided for.- The State Government shall supply every Registrar of
Births and Deaths with a sufficient number of register books of births and of register books of deaths, and shall make suitable provision for the preservation of the records connected with the registration of births and deaths.

C.–Mode of registration

19.Duty of Registrar to register births and deaths of which notice isgiven.

19. Duty of Registrar to register births and deaths of which notice is given.- Every Registrar of Births and Deaths, on receipt of notice of a birth or death within the local area or among the class for which he is appointed, shall, if the notice is given within the prescribed time and in the prescribed mode by a person authorized by this Act to give the notice, forthwith make an entry of the birth or death in the proper register book:

Provided that–

(a) if he has reason to believe the notice to be in any respect false, he may refuse to register the birth or death until he receives an order from the Judge of the
District Court directing him to make the entry and prescribing the manner in which the entry is to be made; and

(b) he shall not enter in the register the name of any person as father of an illegitimate child, unless at the request

12.of the mother and of the person acknowledging himself to be the father of the child.

20.Persons authorized to give notice of birth.

20. Persons authorized to give notice of birth.- Any of the following persons may give notice of a birth, namely:–

(a) the father or mother of the child;

(b) any person present at the birth;

(c) any person occupying, at the time of the birth, any part of the house wherein the child was born and having knowledge of the child having been born in the house;

(d) any medical practitioner in attendance after the birth and having personal knowledge of the birth having occurred;

(e) any person having charge of the child.

21.Persons authorized to give notice of death.

21. Persons authorized to give notice of death. Any of the following persons may give notice of a death, namely:–

(a) any relative of the deceased having knowledge of any of the particulars required to be registered concerning the death;

(b) any person present at the death;

(c) any person occupying, at the time of the death, any part of the house wherein the death occurred and having knowledge of the deceased having died in the house;

(d) any person in attendance during the last illness of the deceased;

(e) any person who has seen the body of the deceased after death.

22.Entry of birth or death to be signed by person giving notice.

22. Entry of birth or death to be signed by person giving notice.-
(1) When an entry of a birth or death has been made by the Registrar of Births and Deaths under section 19, the person giving notice of the birth or death must sign the entry in the register in the presence of the Registrar:

1*[Provided that it shall not be necessary for the person giving notice to attend before the Registrar or to sign the entry in the register if he has given such notice in writing and has furnished to the satisfaction of the Registrar such evidence of his identity as may be required by any rules made by the State Government in this behalf.]
———————————————————————
1. Ins. by Act 9 of 1911, s. 2.13.(2) Until the entry has been so signed 1*[or the conditions specified in the proviso to sub-section (1) have been complied with], the birth or death shall not be deemed to be registered under this
Act.

(3) When the birth of an illegitimate child is registered, and the mother and the person acknowledging himself to be the father of the child jointly request that person may be registered as the father, the mother and that person must both sign the entry in the register in the presence of the Registrar.

23.Grant of certificate of registration of birth or death.

23. Grant of certificate of registration of birth or death.- The
Registrar of Births and Deaths shall, on application made at the time of registering any birth by the person giving notice of the birth or death, and on payment by him of the prescribed fee, give to the applicant a certificate in the prescribed form, signed by the registrar, of having registered the birth or death.

24.Duty of Registrars as to sending certified copies of entries inregister books to Registrar General.

24. Duty of Registrars as to sending certified copies of entries in register books to Registrar Genearal.- (1) Every Registrar of Births and Deaths in 2*[the territories to which this Act extends] shall send to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages for the territories within which the local area or class for which he is appointed is situate or resides, at the prescribed intervals, a true copy certified by him, in the prescribed from, of all the entries of births and deaths in the register book kept by him since the last of those intervals:

Provided that in the case of Registrars of Births and Deaths who are clergyman of the churches of England, Rome and Scotland, the
Registrar may, if so directed by his ecclesiastical superior, send the certified copies in the first instance to that superior, who shall send them to the proper Registrar General of Births, Deaths and
Marriages.

In this sub-section “Church of England” and “Church of Scotland”
mean the Church of England and the Church of Scotland as by law established respectively; and “Church of Rome” means the Church which regards the Pope of Rome as its spiritual head.

3* * * * *

4* * * * *

25.Searches and copies of entries in register books.

25. Searches and copies of entries in register books.- (1) Every
Registrar of Births and Deaths shall, on payment of the prescribed fees, at all reasonable times, allow searches to be
———————————————————————
1. Ins. by Act 9 of 1911, s. 2.2. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for “Part A
States or Part C States”.
3. Sub-section (2) rep. by the A.O. 1950.
4. The proviso to sub-section (2) of s. 24, ins. by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and Sch. I, rep. by the A. O. 1937.14.made in the register books kept by him, and give a copy of any entry in the same.

(2) Every copy of an entry in a register book given under this section shall be certified by the Registrar of Births and Deaths, and shall be admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving the birth or death to which the entry relates.

26.Exceptional provision for registration of certain births and deaths.

26. Exceptional provision for registration of certain births and deaths.- Notwithstanding anything in section 19, the 1*[State
Government] may make rules 2* authorizing Registrars of Births and
Deaths, on conditions and in circumstances to be specified in the rules, to register births and deaths occuring outside the local areas or classes for which they are appointed.

D.–Penalty for false information

27.Penalty for wilfully giving false information.

27. Penalty for wilfully giving false information.- If any person wilfully makes, or causes to be made, for the purpose of being inserted in any register of births or deaths, any false statement in connection with any notice of a birth or death under this Act, he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine or with both.

E.–Correction of errors

28.Correction of entry in register of births or deaths.

28. Correction of entry in register of births or deaths.- (1) If it is proved to the satisfaction of a Registrar of Births and Deaths that any entry of a birth or death in any register kept by him under this Act is erroneous in form or substance, he may, subject to such rules 2* as may be made by the 1*[State Government] with respect to the conditions and circumstances on and in which errors may be corrected, correct the error by entry in the margin, without any alteration of the original entry, and shall sign the marginal entry and add thereto the date of the correction.

(2) If a certified copy of the entry has already been sent to the
Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, the Registrar of
Births and Deaths shall make and send a separate certified copy of the original erroneous entry and of the marginal correction therein made.
———————————————————————
1. Subs. by Act 9 of 1911, s. 3, for “G. G. in C.”
2. For rules made under s. 26 conjointly with ss. 28 and 36, see
Gazette of India, 1888, Pt. I, p. 336, and different local Rules and Orders. All rules made by the G.G. in C. under this Act, before 1911, shall be deemed to have been made by the State
Governments, see s. 6 of Act 9 of 1911.14A

CHAPTER VSPECIAL PROVISIONS AS TO CERTAIN EXISTING REGISTERS


32. Permission to persons having custody of certain records to send them within one year to Registrar General.- If any person in
1*[the territories to which this Act extends] has for the time being the custody of any register or record of birth, baptism, naming, dedication, death or burial of any persons of the classes referred to in section 11, sub-section (1), or of any register or record of marriage of any persons of the classes to which Act 3 of 1872 or the
Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 (15 of 1872), or the Parsi
Marriage and Divorce Act, 1865 (15 of 1865), applies, and if such register or record has been made otherwise than in performance of a duty specially enjoined by the law of the country in which the register or record was kept, he may, 2*[at any time before the first day of April, 1891,] send the register or record to the office of the
Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages for the territories within which he resides, 3***
———————————————————————
1. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for “a Part
A State or a Part C State”.
2. Subs. by Act 16 of 1890, s. 1, for “within one year from the date on which this Act comes into force”.
3. Certain words including the proviso which was ins. by Act 38 of
1920, s. 2 and Sch. omitted by the A.O. 1950.

 

15.33.Appointment of Commissioners to examine registers.

33. Appointment of Commissioners to examine registers.- 1*[(1) Any
State Government in the case of registers or records sent under section 32 to the Registrar General for the territories under its administration, 2* may appoint so many persons as it 3* thinks fit to be Commissioners for examining such registers or records.]

(2) The Commissioners so appointed shall hold office for such period as the 4*[authority appointing them], by the order of appointment, or any subsequent order, directs.

34.Duties of Commissioners.

34. Duties of Commissioners.- (1) The commissioners appointed under the last foregoing section shall enquire into the state, custody and authenticity of every such register or record as may be sent to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages under section
32;

and shall deliver to the Registrar General a descriptive list or descriptive lists of all such registers or records, or portions of registers or records, as they find to be accurate and faithful.

(2) The list or lists shall contain the prescribed particulars and refer to the registers or records, or to the portions of the registers or records, in the prescribed manner.

(3) The Commissioners shall also certify in writing, upon some part of every separate book or volume containing any such register or record, or portion of a register or record, as is referred to in any list or lists made by the Commissioners, that it is one of the registers or records, or portions of registers or records, referred to in the said list or lists.

35.Searches of lists prepared by Commissioners and grant of certifiedcopies of entries.

35. Searches of lists prepared by Commissioners and grant of certified copies of entries.- (1) Subject to the payment of the prescribed fees, the descriptive list or lists of registers or records, or portions of registers or records, delivered by the
Commissioners to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages shall be, at all reasonable times, open to inspection by any person applying to inspect it or them, and copies of entries in those registers or records shall be given to all persons applying for them.

(2) A copy of an entry given under this section shall be certified by the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, or by an officer or person authorized in this behalf by the State
Government and shall be admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving the birth, baptism, naming, dedication, death, burial or marriage to which the entry relates.
———————————————————————
1. Subs. by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and Sch. I, for the original sub-
section (1),
2. Certain words were rep. by the A. O. 1950.
3. The words “or he, as the case may be, “were rep. by the A.O.
1937.4. Subs. for “G. G. in C.” by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and Sch. I

16.35A.

Constitution of additional Commissions for purposes of this Chapter.

1*[35A. Constitution of additional Commissions for purposes of this Chapter.- (1) 2* The State Government 3*[may by notification in the Official Gazette] appoint more Commission 4* than one for the purposes of section 33, each such Commission consisting of so many and such members, and having its functions restricted to the disposal, under this Act and the rules thereunder, of such registers and records sent under section 32 to the Registrar General, as may be specified in the notification.

(2) If more Commissions than one are appointed in exercise of the power conferred by sub-section (1), then references in this Act to the
Commissioners shall be construed as references to the members constituting a Commission so appointed.]

CHAPTER VIRULES

 

*[36. Rules.- 6*[(1) The State Government, for each State, 7* may make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.]

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may–

(a) fix the fees payable under this Act;

(b) prescribe the forms required for the purposes of this
Act;

(c) prescribe the time within which, and the mode in which, persons authorized under this Act to give notice of a birth or death to a Registrar of Births and Deaths must give the notice;
———————————————————————
1. S. 35A was added by the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration
Act (1886) Amendment Act, 1890 (16 of 1890), s. 2, which was repealed by the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920), s. 3 and Sch.
II, The present sub-section (i) was subs. for the original sub-section by the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920), s. 2 and
Sch. I, and sub-section (2), which is the same as the original sub-section (2), was ins. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1934.(24 of 1934), s. 2 and Sch. I.
2. The words “The Central Govt. or” were rep. by the A. O. 1950.
3. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for “if he or it thinks fit, may by notification in the Gazette of India or the local official
Gazette, as the case may be.”
4. For Commissioners appointed under this section, see Gazette of
India, 1890, Pt. I, p. 744.5. Subs. by Act 9 of 1911, s. 4, for the original section.
6. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for the original sub-section.
7. The words “and the Central Govt., for British subjects in Indian
States were rep. by the A. O. 1950.

17.(d) prescribe the evidence of identity to be furnished to a
Registrar of Births and Deaths by persons giving notice of a birth or death in cases where personal attendance before such Registrar is dispensed with;

(e) prescribe the registers to be kept and the form and manner in which Registrars of Births and Deaths are to register births and deaths under this Act, and the intervals at which they are to send to the Registrar
General of Births, Deaths and Marriages true copies of the entries of births and deaths in the registers kept by them;

(f) prescribe the conditions and circumstances on and in which Registrars of Births and Deaths may correct entries of births and deaths in registers kept by them;

(g) prescribe the particulars which the descriptive list or lists to be prepared by the Commissioners appointed under Chapter V are to contain, and the manner in which they are to refer to the registers or records, or portions of registers or records, to which they relate;
and

(h) prescribe the custody in which those registers or records are to be kept.

(3) Every power to make rules conferred by this Act is subject to the condition of the rules being made after previous publication.

(4) All rules made under this Act shall be published in the
Official Gazette, and on such publication shall have effect as if enacted in this Act.]

37.[Repealed.]

37. [Procedure for making and publication of rules.] Rep. by the
Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Amendment Act, 1911 (9 of
1911)

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7 thoughts on “THE BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGES REGISTRATION ACT, 1886

  1. Nabil Shaikh

    one of my friends father and mother were both from goa, and his father was born and married befor libration of goa and now he want to make his and hiz wifes portugues passport so he requires his fathes birth certificate or else marrage certificate please help him

    Reply
  2. P.lata

    I would like to apply for the PIO Card. My great grandma is from Perumbur India.
    She has since passed away. Please advise me on how to apply for the card and how can I get an extract of her death certificate

    Reply
  3. tandel vinay

    i m from india my mother born in 1950 in daman so i want find my mother birth certyficate please help me how can possibale

    Reply
  4. Michael Morris

    My father was born in karachi, pakistan in 1911, while my grandfather was stationed over there in the british army. My father’s name was ‘Ian De Bohun Molesworth Morris’. My grandfather’s name was
    Lieutenant Charles Otway Morris. My grandmothers name was Hester Elizabeth Hirsch Morris I am trying to find my father’s birth certificate and baptismal certificate,so that I can become a british citizen, due to my father being a british subject at the time of his death. Can you help me with this?

    Reply
  5. P. Reddy

    im from south africa and my my great grandparents are from india.
    they left india in the late 1800″s to early 1900′s to come to south africa and work as indentured labourers.
    i want to visit them in india but i have no idea who their families and relatives are.
    would u be able to help me in my search?

    really appreciate it

    thank you very much
    P. Reddy

    Reply

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